Ridges In Fingernails And Health Symptoms

Ridges in fingernails is a condition that should not be ignored as it can tell you if there is a health problem, even though you have no symptoms. The fingernails will change color with different medical conditions and every imperfection in them has a meaning, such as kidney disease or a heart problem.

If your nail color changes to yellow and becomes swollen, this indicates that there may be a problem with the respiratory system. Another condition with the nails that indicates a health problem is nail clubbing. This is generally a result of low levels of oxygen and is also a sign of lung disease. It can also indicate a problem with the liver and bowel.

The ridges in the fingernails can run in both horizontal and vertical directions and have different interpretations. If the ridges in the fingernails are vertical, then it is unlikely that there is a serious health problem. These ridges are more noticeable in older people. If the ridges are in a horizontal direction then there is a strong possibility of some disease such as Beau’s lines.

Beau’s lines can be identified by the horizontal direction and grooving which can be slight or deep. They generally appear when there is some illness that has stopped the growth of the nails. The reasons for this could be diabetes or the nails could have had an earlier injury to the nail bed. Sometimes the nails will become darker. Circulatory complications are another problem that Beau’s lines indicate. The other diseases that it indicates are pneumonia, scarlet fever, mumps, and a high fever. There is also a possibility of the wrist becoming immobile due to Beau’s lines.

There are many reasons that can stop the nails from growing and a good number of them do not indicate serious health problems. However, if the nails stop growing it is advisable to get professional advice from a health care worker to eliminate the possibility of disease.

To treat Beau’s lines requires finding the reason for them and treating it accordingly. Using an anti fungus treatment will help the condition and you can also massage some oil into the nails for around 15 minutes to moisturize them and lessen the brittleness. You should do this every day for it to have an effect.

There are also some products that people suffering from Beau’s lines should avoid. Anything that contains formaldehyde and sulphonamide can cause the skin to become irritated and red. The nails are more important than people realize and ridges in fingernails inform us to contact the doctor.

Indicators of Health

The Indicators of Health provide a measure for the health status of a Individual, Group, Community or a Country and to compare it with other similar parameters which help us to understand the good and the poorly assessed areas and to allocate more resources to the ill health and also to monitor and re-evaluate whether the ill are progressing towards a healthy status and to understand what all measures need to be done. In other words we understand the objectives and targets of a particular programme being implemented towards the attainment of better health goals.

Indicators are defined as Variables by the World Health Organisation which have a Negative range and a Positive range in probable observations. This gives an idea about how the progress of a particular programme will go and when these indicators are measured periodically and sequentially over time, they can indicate direction and speed of change and can help to compare the health indications of different groups of people, communities or countries.

Characteristics of Indicators :

The Indicators which should be used in an evaluation, should have the following characteristics so that it can be used in a campaign or a survey.

1. An Indicator should be valid and should be able to do the purpose of what it is intended to do

2. An Indicator should be Reliable and Objective. This means that when different people carry out research on a similar experiment they should, more or less arrive at a similar inference using the same indicators.

3. An Indicator should be Sensitive and should respond in variation to the situation concerned.

4. An Indicator should be Specific and should respond only to the variation of the specific situation in concern.

5. An Indicator should be feasible as it should have the functions attached to it which enable data collection concerned to it.

6. An Indicator should be relevant which means that it should be able to aid in understanding the concept in concern. It should either support the Hypothesis or discard the Hypothesis in concern.

Health is a Multi-Dimensional entity and each entity is a complex phenomenon in itself because the each entity is affected by numerous factors of which Some are Known while many are still Unknown.

Thus Health is subjected to the following Factors :

01. Mortality Indicators

02. Morbidity Indicators

03. Disability Rates

04. Nutritional Status Indicators

05. Health Care Delivery Indicators

06. Utilization Rates

07. Indicators of Social and Metal Health

08. Environmental Indicators

09, Socio-Economic Indicators

10. Health Policy Indicators

11. Indicators of Quality of Life

12. Other Indicators

Mortality Indicators and Morbidity Indicators

A. Mortality Indicators

The indicators indicating mortality in a community are :

1. Crude Death Rate

2. Expectation of life

3. Infant Mortality Rate

4. Child Moratality Rate

5. Under-5 Proportional Mortality Rate

6. Maternal (Puerperal) Mortality Rate

7. Disease specific Mortality

8. Proportional Mortality Rate

1. Crude Death Rate:

It is defined as the number of deaths per 1000 population per year in a given community. Here a decrease in death rate indicates better health conditions in the community indicating an overall increase in the health status of the given population, which is in fact a goal of medicine.

2. Expectation of Life:

Life expectancy means the number of years a human being may live, if the age specific and sex specific mortality rates of a population are known. Life expectancy is calculated at birth, at the age of 1 which excludes infant mortality and at the age of 5 which excludes child mortality. Here also, an increase in average life expectancy is considered as an improvement in health status.

3. Infant mortality rate:

It is defined as the ratio of number of deaths under 1 year of age to the total number of live births in the same year, usually expressed as a rate per 1000 live births. This measure is able to infer upon the health status of the infants, also deductively of the whole population and the socio-economic conditions under which the infants and also the whole population lives.

4. Child mortality rate:

It is defined as the ratio of number of deaths of children 1 to 4 years of age per 1000 children in the respective age group at the mid-point of the year concerned for a particular area or community. This ratio indicates the overall health status of the early childhood in a given community and excludes infant mortality.

5. Under 5 proportionate mortality rate:

When both infant mortality and early childhood mortality need to be considered, then these statistics are used where total number of deaths of children under age 5 per 1000 population is considered. This statistical data helps in inferencing upon high birth rates, high child mortality rates and shorter life expectancy.

6. Maternal (puerperal) mortality rate:

The levels of maternal mortality differ from country to country according to its socio-economic conditions and status representing the proportion of deaths of women in reproductive age which is generally higher in the under developed and developing countries. This data has not gained much importance in terms of statistical analysis and inference.

7. Disease-specific mortality:

This statistical analysis can be computed for mortality on account of specific diseases. As communicable diseases are being extricated, other diseases like Cancers, Cardio-vascular diseases, diabetes have emerged as specific disease problems.

8. Proportional mortality rate:

This statistical analysis takes in account the proportion of all deaths from every abouve mentioned analysis attributed to it.

B. Morbidity Indicators

These indicators indicate the burden of diseases and illhealth in a community but have there own limitations as they represent only the clinical cases and are represented as iceberg theory.

The assessing points for illhealth and diseases in a community are :

1. Incidence and Prevalence

2. Notification rates

3. Attendance rates at health services

4. Admission, Re-admission and discharge rates

5. Duration of stay in hospital

6. Spells of sickness or absence from work or school.

C. Disability Rates

These fall into two categories which are namely :

a. Event type indicators:

i. Number od days of restricted activity

ii. Bed disability days

iii. Work loss days

b. Person type indicators:

i. Limitation of mobility

ii. Limitation of activity

D. Nutritional Status Indicators

These are namely :

Measurements and proportions of pre-school children.
Heights and sometimes weights of school level children
The frequency measurement of babies being born under category of low birth weight. In India, Low birth weight is considered when the weight of the new born child is under 2.5 kgs.

E. Health Care Delivery Indicators

This indicator shows us the units of health system present in a given physical and geographical area which are imparting health services the data of which is grouped under the following categories:

Doctor-population ratio
Doctor-nurse ratio
Population-bed ratio
Population per health/subcentre
Population per traditional birth attendant

F. Utilization Rates

These measures are used to measure the usage of the health services and is measured under the following categories:

Proportion of infants who have received complete immunization programme.
Proportion of pregnant women who have received complete ante-natal care
Percentage of population using or adapted to various procedures under family planning
Hospital bed occupancy rate
Average length of stay of a patient at Hospital

The Utilization Rates can differ according to every Geographical area, the climate and the habitat and surrounding environment. The list can also be inclusive of more criteria on the basis of factors involved in the making of the area.

G. Social Health, Mental Health, Environmental and Socio-economic Indicators of Health

Positive health is a rarity, now-a-days. Thus, many a times symptoms and clinical presentations related to social and mental pathology are needed to be used. These indicators indicate the socialism in the given area or community.

We also know that every living entity needs a good environment within acceptable limits so that the living entity remains healthy. The same aoolies to Human beings. The factors which affect the Social ad Mental Health are:

Solid wastes
Access to safe water etc.

Socio-economic indicators do not directly measure Health but help in interpretation of the indicators of health

H. Health Policy Indicators

This makes them the most important information rearrangement of sympoms in a present society.

I. Other Indicators may include :

Indicators for quality of Life
Basic needs indicators
Health for All Indicators

Blood – An Indicator of Health

Our blood is an interesting indicator of health, because not only is every cell in out body created from red blood cells, but our blood is what carries the essential elements needed to keep our body alive and healthy.

Everything we eat, drink or swallow will determine the quality of our blood, which will then determine the quality of our health. Nutrients will be carried into the blood stream from the microvilli which line the small intestines, and will be used to repair cells and to protect organs. These nutrients include protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals; un-fortunately however, the body will also absorb and pass through the blood stream toxins, which have either been consumed from dietary choices, or which have been breathed in from polluted air.

Consuming foods which are nutritionally deficient won’t allow the body to repair cells or keep them healthy, and it’s the cells in our bodies which are un-healthy that become mutated, and a mutated cell is a diseased cell. Foods which have little to no nutritional value and therefore are reducing your state of health include some of the following (these foods should be significantly reduced or eliminated from your diet): bread, pasta, rice, cereal, flour, sugar and hydrogenated oils.

Oxygen is also hugely important for the health of the blood stream and the body, poor oxygenated blood causes red blood cells to clump together and not flow easily through the body, this can result in the blockage of toxins within the blood stream which will significantly increase the risk of infection and illness such as cancer. In-fact, many cancer sufferers have been treated through the increase of oxygen within the body and the cancer infected area.

Water is another important area of health for the blood stream, without water our blood would become dehydrated which inevitably results in the lack of essential nutrients the blood can carry around the body. In a dehydrated state, the blood will begin to dry out and mutate, a mutated cell is a diseased cell.

In general most people will feel they drink enough water, in reality though most people walk around in a dehydrated state. Either they don’t drink enough water for their body mass (.3-.4litres per 1kg lean body mass) or they are not aware that drinking liquids such as coffee, alcohol and soft drinks dehydrate the body and the consumption of more water is required after drinking these particular liquids.

Pale Nail Can Indicate General Health Problem

The appearance of a pale nail will vary depending on the cause and severity of the problem. Nail paleness can be triggered by trauma to the nail or it may be caused by a disease. The scientific name for pale nail is leuconychia.

A pale nail is sometimes an indicator of a general health problem. For instance, people with chronic liver disease often show signs of pale nail. In the case of liver problems the total nail will be pale except for the top portion, which will retain its original pink color. The nails on the thumb and the index fingers are the most likely to be pale when there is liver disease present.

People with lymphoma, renal disease and fungal disease are also prone to pale nail. Diseases that reduce the quality of oxygen in the blood will often cause the nails to turn from pink to white. Thyroid diseases such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism may lead to the formation of nails that are pale and brittle.

Sometimes pail nail is the sign of poor nutrition. It is extremely important to eat a nutritious diet every day to help boost the immune system. Most physicians and holistic practitioners recommend reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing the amount of protein in the diet. It is important to eat a diet that contains several servings a day of fresh fruits and vegetables as well as whole grains. Sugar intake should be minimized as much as possible because sugar aggravates nail infections.

Some people find that their pale nail symptoms improve when they eat yogurt daily or take acidophilus capsules. Food supplements containing Vitamins B,C,D and E are also recommended as well as zinc.

Certain types of fungal infections can cause changes in the texture, color and shape of the nail. Certain types of bacteria can bring about changes in the color of the nail and cause painful areas under the nail. Psoriasis may cause splitting and paleness of the nail plate.

There is no treatment currently available to treat pale nail, but some people choose to wear polish in a darker color to hide the paleness. Since pale nail is often the cause of a more serious underlying medical condition it is important to consult your physician if you see dramatic changes in the color of your nails.